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从高一到高三,所有重点短语都在这!暑假提升英语正当时(上)

短语和单词一样重要、一样重要、一样重要,因为,认识单词不一定理解短语的意思。

正在为理想而辛勤奋斗的高中生们,一定要掌握这份极好的短语汇总资料哦,它们出现在高中三年历次英语大小考中!这份短语资料的上半部分(A--K),下半部分(L--Y),收藏起来,暑假里争取全记住,英语水平上升一大截,开学后让你的同桌刮目相看!

A

a(great/large)number of许多(接可数名词复数,谓语动词用复数)

A as well as B A跟B一样……

A besides B…除了B以外,A……

a bit of一点(接不可数名词)

a bit一点(接形容词)

a bunch of一束、一捆

a certain某一个(接可数名词单数)

a copy of一份(报纸等)

a couple of几个、一些、三两个(接可数名词复数)

a crowd of一群、许多

a developed country(一个)发达国家

a developing country(一个)发展中国家

a diet of healthy foods一份营养食谱

a fallen tree一棵倒了的树

a few moment later一会儿、不久以后

a few pieces of advice几点建议

a good/great deal of大量(接不可数名词)

a good/great many大量(接可数名词复数)

a great deal许多东西

a group of一群……

a highly-developed country高度发达国家

a kind of sth.一类……

a knife and fork一副刀叉

a knowledge of某一学科的知识

a lack of缺乏

a large quantity of大量(接可数、不可数名词)

a large/great amount of大量(接不可数名词)

A like B…像B一样,A……

a little bit一点(接形容词)

a little一点(接形容词)

a loaf of bread一个面包

a lost life in a desert鸿沟

a lot more interesting更有趣

a lot more许多

a lucky escape幸运的逃脱

a narrow escape侥幸逃脱、九死一生

a piece of advice一条建议

a place of interest一处名胜

a point of view一种观点

A rather than B与其B,不如A

a series of一系列的

a source of……的一个来源

a third①三个中的一个②三分之一

a total of总计……(接数词)

a type of一种

a variety of一种

a waste of money/time/…浪费(金钱、时间等)

a year and a half一年半

above all最重要的是,首先

according to根据、依照

achieve one's aim/goal实现某人的目标

achieve success取得成功

act a part①扮演一个角色②假装

act as if假装(接从句,有虚拟语气)

act the part of sb.演……的角色

add A to B把A加到B上

add to增加到

add up to总计(无被动形式)

address a/the letter在信上写姓名地址

address sth.to sb.给某人讲……

admit to承认

advise(that)sb.(should)do建议某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)

advise sb.to do劝说某人去做

afford sb.sth.为某人承担……

afford sth.to sb.为某人承担……

afford to do能够去做

after a time一段时间后

after a while不久

after all毕竟;终究

after that从这以后(用一般现在时)

agree on在……达成共识

agree that…同意……(接从句)

agree to do同意去做

agree to one's plan/suggestion采纳某人的计划(建议)

agree with one's idea/opinion/analysis同意某人的看法(见解)

agree with sb.①(衣服等)适合某人②与……一致③同意、赞同

agree with sb.on that point在那方面同意某人的意见

ahead of time事先;提前

aim at①瞄准②追求、旨在

all but A…除了A以外所有人/物

all kinds of各种各样的

all of a sudden突然(单用)

all over(Europe)整个(欧洲)

all sorts of各种各样的

all such所有这些……(接名词用复数)

all the same仍然、依然

all the way全程

all the year round整年

all through the(night/year/one's life)整个……

all…not…不都是……(部分否定)

allow doing/sb.to do允许(某人)做某事

announce sth.to sb.向某人宣布……

announce to sb.sth.向某人宣布……

answer for为……负责任

anyone who=whoever任何人(引导主语从句)

apart from除……外还……

appear to do好像……

apply for申请

apply one's minds to专心于

appreciate doing感激做……

as a matter of fact实际上

as a result of由于……

as if似乎、好像(引导方式状语从句)

as long as只要(引导条件状语从句)

as one body像一个人一样

as soon as is necessary如果可能的话尽快……

as soon as一……就……(引导时间状语从句)

as though似乎、好像

as well as①和……一样②与……一样好

as well也;一样

ask(that)sb.(should)do要求某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)

ask for a leave请假

ask sb.for advice取得某人的建议

ask some questions of sb.向某人提问(书面语)

at a distance有一些距离、在远处

at a great depth在很深处

at a loss不知所措、困惑不解

at a low/high price价格低(高)

at a low/high speed速度很慢/快地……

at a mouthful一口、满口

at a safe speed以安全速度行驶

at a speed of以……的速度行驶

at a time一次;有时、曾经

at first blush一瞥

at full speed全速前进

at least至少、最少

at least…if not more如果不是更多,至少也……

at most最多、至多

at one time曾经、以前

at present现在

at that very moment就在那个时候

at the ball在舞会上

at the beginning of在……的开始

at the bottom of在……的底部

at the cost of以……为代价

at the crossing在十字路口

at the invitation of sb.应某人邀请

at the latest最迟、最晚

at the most最多

at the price of以……为代价

at the risk of冒着……的危险

at the same time同时

at the sight of看见

at the speed of以……的速度

at the thought of当……想到

at the top of the voice用最高的声音

attempt to do尝试去做、企图去做

attend to sth.注意;对……关注

attitude to/towards sth.对……的态度

attract one's attention吸引某人注意力

B

back and forth来来往往地、(前后)来回地

bark at(狗)向……叫

be(good)value for money……值钱

be able to do能够……、有能力……

be about to do when就要做某事时,突然……

be about to do准备做……(不接时间状语,表示将来)

be absent from不在、缺席

be absorbed in沉迷于……、迷恋于……

be active in在……活跃

be admitted into universities被大学录取

be afraid of doing担心某事会发生

be afraid of sth./sb.害怕某人(物)

be afraid that…恐怕……

be afraid to do不敢去做

be after sth./sb.找……

be along with和……一起

be an expert on/in/at sth.在……是专家

be angry at sth.对某事感到生气

be angry with sb./sth.对某人(物)感到生气

be anxious about为……感到焦虑

be anxious for sth.急切地要……

be anxious to do急切去做……

be ashamed of感到羞耻、惭愧

be at breakfast/lunch/supper在吃早/午/晚饭

be at the same level在同一水平上

be aware of sth.知道

be away from离……远

be based on以……为基础、以……为根据

be better off境况好

be blind in one eye一只眼睛失明、独眼龙

be blind to对……视而不见

be busy doing忙着……

be busy with忙着……

be careful小心

be caught in被困住

be concerned about关心

be connected with与……有联系

be content to do甘愿做某事、愿意做某事

be content with对……满足

be crowded with挤满了

be deaf to对……听而不闻、充耳不闻

be disappointed in sth.对某事(物)失望

be disappointed with sb./sth.对……失望

be doing when正要做某事时,突然……

be doing表达某种语气、感情,如喜爱、赞美、厌恶、痛恨、批判等

be done away with结束、结果

be dressed in穿……

be due to do预计……会怎样

be due to sth.由于、应归于

be dying for渴望

be dying to do急切去做……

be eager to do盼望去做……

be engaged in忙于、致力于

be engaged to与……订婚

be equal to与……相等

be expert in/at doing擅长于……

be famous as作为……而出名

be famous for因为……而出名

be famous to sb.在……中出名

be favourable to有助于、有利于

be fit for sth.适合……

be fond of爱好……

be friendly/kind/polite to sb.对某人友好

be going to do即将做……

be gone……不见了

be good on sb.对某人好

be hard on sb.对某人苛刻、为难某人

be harmful to对……有害

be honoured for sth.……因为……受尊敬

be in(the)majority占大多数,处于多数

be in business营业

be in danger处于危险之中

be in darkness在黑暗之中(无光,用于指状态)

be in disorder没有秩序、乱

be in earnest急迫、急切

be in good order有秩序、整洁

be in great need最需要

be in hospital住院

be in low/high spirits情绪低落/高昂

be in poor health身体不好

be in/under one's charge受某人管

be in/under the charge of sb.受某人管

be introduced into……被引进

be joined to与……连接

be keen on喜欢

be kind for sb.to do sth.某人做某事(对人)有好处

be kind of sb.某人好

be known for因为……而出名

be known to sb.在……中出名

be lacking in缺乏

be longing for盼望去做……

be longing to do盼望去做……

be lost……不见了

be lost in sight看不见

be lost in thought陷入沉思

be made from由……(加工)制成

be made into制成、加工成

be made of由……(直接)制成

be made up of由……组成

be marked with被标上

be measured in以……来衡量

be missing……不见了

be mixed with sth.用……混合

be not in agreement……是不同的

be nothing more than只不过是

be of different sizes/colours/weights/ages/shapes尺寸/颜色/重量/年龄/形状不同

be of great/no help/value/importance/use to sb.对某人(没)有很大(帮助/价值/作用等)

be of the same kind同一类

be of the same size/colour/weight/age/shape尺寸/颜色/重量/年龄/形状相同

be of this kind属于这一类

be off离开

be on a visit from sp.从某地来访问

be on a visit to sp.正游览、参观某地

be on business因公(办事等)

be on diet节食

be on duty值日、上班

be on fire着火

be on holiday/vacation在度假

be on sale待售、拍卖

be on show展览;上映

be on strike罢工

be on the march正在游行、正在行军

be out of fashion过时、不流行

be out of order没有秩序、乱

be out of reach①够不着②无能为力

be out of work失业

be popular among sb.在……中流行

be popular with sb.在……中流行

be prepared for为……作准备(接抽象事物)

be present at(the meeting)参加(会议)

be proud of以……自豪

be put to a new use被用在了新的用途上

be ready for准备好做……

be ready to do准备好做……

be recognised as被认作是

be reduced by降低了……(接数字、百分数)

be related to与……有联系

be responsble for为……负责任

be rich in在……丰富

be satisfied with对……满意

be senior to比……大

be set in以……为背景

be short of缺少

be shown into sp.被带到某地

be spun into thread被纺成线

be strict in sth.对某事严格要求

be strict with sb.对某人严格要求

be successful in doing sth.做……成功

be suitable for适合

Be sure(certain)to do…确信做某事(祈使句)

be tired from sth./doing(身体上)劳累、疲劳

be tired of sth./doing厌倦……

be tired out筋疲力尽

be to blame(应该)受责备

be to do准备做……

be trapped by(the fire)被(火)围困

be treated as把……当作……对待

be under construction建设中

be unwilling to do不愿去做

be up to①高达、达到②达到境界、进入角色③从事、忙于

be well received接受效果好、广泛接受

be willing to do盼望去做……

be worried about为……担心

be worth doing值得……

be worth sth.值多少

be worthy of值得

be/become known as作为……而出名

be/become widely accepted被广泛的接受

beat sb.black and blue把某人打得鼻青脸肿

beat sb.on the head碰某人的头

beat sb.to death打死某人

beat sth.flat把……压平

become a success成功

become separated分开

before all尤其、特别

before long没过多久(常用于将来时、过去时)

begin with以……开始

believe in①信赖、信任②信奉、信仰

belong to sb.属于

benefit from从……获取利益、好处

beyond reach够不着;找不到、消失

beyond that除了那个以外

beyond the sea在海外

black out昏迷、神志不清;停止、中断

black tea红茶

blood bank血站、血库

blow away吹走

both of sb.两个人都……

both…not…不都是……(部分否定)

break away from脱离

break down①分解;破裂②(汽车)抛锚

break in打断……的话

break into pieces打(破)成碎片

break off折断、中断、罢工

break one's promise/words破坏某人的诺言、食言

break out分裂、爆发

break the record打破纪录

break the rules违反规则

break up分解

bring about带来、造成

bring down使……下降

bring in引进

bring on引起、导致

bring sth.to one's notice使某人注意……

bring up抚育、养育

build up建立

burn down烧毁

burn sth.to the ground把……烧毁

burn up消耗

burst in闯进、闯入

burst into flames突然着火

burst into tears/laughter突然放声大哭/笑

burst out doing爆发;突然

business sense商业理念

by and by不久以后、很快的

by chance偶然

by degrees逐渐地

by far至今为止

by means of通过……的办法

by occasionally偶然的

by ones and twos三三两两地、零零落落地

by oneself独自地、独立地、单独地

by the end在……以前

by the hour/day/week/minute/month/year按小时/日/周/分/月/年算

by the time一段时间前(引导时间状语从句)

by the way顺便说一下

by this means用这种方法

by weight/length/volume按重量/长度/容量算

C

call a taxi打的

call at sp.拜访某地

call for①要求②邀请

call in sb.派人去请

call on sb.to do…号召某人做某事

call on sb.拜访某人

call one's attention to sth.让某人引起对……的注意

call to mind想起

call up sb.①使……想起②给……打电话

calm down镇定下来

can't help doing情不自禁地……

can't resist doing不能抗拒做……

carry about携带、随身带

carry away冲垮;拿走

carry forward发展、发扬

carry off抢走、夺走

carry on进行、继续

carry out one's promise遵守某人的诺言

carry out实行

carry with进行、继续

catch a cold感冒

catch fire着火

catch in被……困住、绊住

catch one's attention吸引了……的注意

catch sight of看到……

caught by the…抓到某人的……(身体部位)

cause sb.to be in such a state导致某人到这样的地步

change A for B用B替换A

change into变成

clear away收拾走、清除

clear out把……请出去

clear up①天晴②解决

climb over翻越

close to靠近某地

come about发生

come across偶然遇见

come along进展、进行

come at袭击、向……打击

come away脱离、掉下

come back①回来②醒过来

come down下降

come forth向前

come into being形成、产生、存在(无被动)

come into effect生效、启用

come off脱离、掉下

come on①加油②进展

come out①产生、出现②被知道③出版、发行④结局、结果

come right直接

come round转身

come to①把注意力转向……②到来

come to an end消亡、灭亡、分裂

come to one's notice引起某人的注意

come to oneself苏醒、恢复知觉

come to power掌权

come true成为现实

come up①上升②发生③产生④(问题、话题、议题)被提出(无被动)

come up to过来

come upon偶然遇见

command(that)sb.(should)do命令某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)

compare A to B把A比作B

compare A with B把A与B作比较

compare notes交换意见

compared with/to A,B…与A相比,B……(B不用比较级)

congratulate sb./sth.(on sth.)祝贺……(取得……的成绩)

congratulations on sth.……的祝贺

connect A to B连接A与B(单方面)

connect A with B连接A与B(两方面)

consider sb.to have done认为某人做了某事

consider sb./sth.to be/as把……看作

consider sth./doing考虑(做)……

consist of由……组成

content oneself with sth.对……满意

continue doing一直做(同一件事)

continue to do继续做(下一件事)

continue with sth.继续做某事

contribute sth.to sth.为……贡献……

convert sth.into sth.把……转变成……

could have done本来能做成的(却没做成)(虚拟语气)

couldn't have done本来做不成的(却做成了)(虚拟语气)

count on/upon指望、依靠

count sth.at当作

cover sth./sb.with sth.用……盖住……

cover the events报道事件

cross out除去、勾销

crowd off挤出

cry out喊出去

cure sb.of治好某人的(病)

cut away切下;逃跑

cut down砍倒;缩减

cut off切断

cut one's hair short把……头发剪短

cut out切下;删除

cut sth.in half把……切成两半

cut sth.into halves把……切成两半

cut sth.into two parts把……切成两半

cut up割开;切碎

D

daily goods日用品

dance around到处跳

dance to the music伴着音乐跳舞

dare to do敢于……

date back to起源于、追溯到

date from起源于、追溯到

day after day日复一日

day and night一天到晚

day by day逐日

deal in经营

deal with处理、对待

declare sb./sth.to be adj./n.宣称……是……(接形容词或名词)

deep into the night熬夜

delay doing/sth.推迟……

demand(that)sb.(should)do要求某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)

demand sth.of/from sb.向某人要求……

demand to do要求去做

depend on/upon取决于、依赖于、依靠

describe sth.to sb.将……描述给(讲给)……

despise of sb.看不起

determine sb.to do使某人下决心做某事

determine to do下决心做某事

develop a habit养成习惯

develop an interest in sth.表现出对……的兴趣

develop films制作电影

devote sth./oneself to sth./doing把……奉献给……

die away(气味、声音、光线)逐渐消失、变弱

die down平息、变弱、逐渐消失

die from polluted air/over work/an accident/…因为(空气污染、过度劳累、事故等)而死

die of grief/cold/hungry/old age/…因为(悲伤、寒冷、饥饿、年老等)而死

die out灭绝;死光、死绝

dig out挖出

direct sb.to do指导、要求某人去做

direct that sb.should do命令某人去做

discourage sb.from sth./doing阻碍某人做某事

dislike doing/sb./sth.不喜欢……

dive off从……跳水

divide sth.by sth.……除以……

divide sth.into将……分成

do a good deed做好事

do away with废除

do damage to损害

do good/harm to sb./sth.对……有好处(坏处)

do not give in an inch一寸不让

do research on/in/about/into sth.研究……

do sb.a favour帮某人一个忙

do sb.good/harm对某人有好处(坏处)

do sb.the favour to do/of doing帮某人忙做……

do sth.alone自己、靠自己

do sth.at the right time在合适的时候做某事

do sth.by hand手工制作(常用被动)

do sth.by turns轮流做……、依次做……

do sth.deep/far into the night熬夜

do sth.for fun做……为了取乐

do sth.in good faith诚实地……

do sth.on purpose有目的地做

do up①系上、扣上②收拾整理

do with处理

double one's output使(产量等)成倍增长

draw a deep breath深呼吸

draw conclusions下结论

draw in①(车)进站②引诱

draw one's attention吸引某人注意力

draw quick interest获得快捷利润

draw up草拟、拟定

dream of sth./doing梦想

drink to为……干杯

drive sb.to tears使某人哭

drop in at sp.拜访某地

drop in on sb.拜访某人

E

eager for渴望

early bird早起者、早到者

earn one's living谋生

easy-going随和、平易近人

eat one's words收回某人(说过)的话

eat up吃光

either A or B是A或者是B(谓语动词就近一致)

encourage sb.to do sth.鼓励某人做……

end up with以……结束

enter for报名参加

escape being done逃避被……

escape doing sth.逃避做……

escape from sp.从……逃离

ever lasting永不停止的、永远的

every one of sb./sth.……中的每一个

every other…每两个……

every two…每两个……

except for除了(用于两种不同的事物)

expect sb.to do期望某人……

expect sth.to be done期望某事被……

expect to be/do期望会……

explain sth.to sb.向某人解释……

explain to sb.sth.向某人解释……

export to向……出口

F

face to face面对面地(作状语)

face-to-face面对面的(作定语)

fail to do失败、未做成

fall asleep睡着了

fall behind落后

fall ill生病

fall in love with sb.爱上某人

fall off掉下

fall to pieces消亡、灭亡、分裂、崩溃

far and near远近、到处、四面八方

far and wide广泛地

far more interesting更有趣

far more许多

fast asleep熟睡

feed on sth.以……为食

feed sb./sth.with/on sth.用……喂养

feed sth.to sb./sth.把……喂养给……

feel alone感到孤单

feel like doing…/sth.喜爱(做)……

feel lonely感到孤单

feel one's way摸索着前进

feel out探索某人的意图

feel sb.on the head摸某人的头

feel terrible感觉不舒服

feel well感觉舒服

few such mistakes这么少的错误

fight against与……作斗争、与……交战

fight back回击

fight for sth.为了……而斗争

figure on指望、计划、打算

figure out①解决②计算出来、合计出

fill with充满

find out找出、查明

find sb./sth.do发现……做过……

find sb./sth.doing发现……正在……

find sb./sth.done发现……被……

finish off结束、完成

fire at向……开火

fire escape火灾安全出口

fire out①消沉、一蹶不振②开除、解雇

fire up火冒三丈、发火

first aid急救

first of all首先

fit club健身俱乐部

fix a time/date for sth./doing确定……的日期

fix a time/date to do确定日期做某事

fix A to B把A固定在B上

fix one's attention on sth.把某人的注意力集中到……上

fix one's eyes on sth.目不转睛、凝视、把注意力集中在……上

fix sb.sth.为……准备……

fix sth.for sb.为……准备……

float off漂浮

fly over(从上面)飞越

fold up折叠起来

follow one's advice on听从……的建议

follow the rules遵守规则

fool about/around游手好闲、闲荡

fool sb.into doing sth.哄骗某人做某事

for(political)reasons由于(政治)原因

for a while一段时间

for ages很久

for example例如

for fear that担心

for free免费的

for God's sake看在上帝的面上

for good永久地、一劳永逸地

for instance例如

for one thing首先

for one's sake为……起见

for oneself为了自己

for sale准备出售

for the first time第一次

for the sake of为……起见

forbid sb.to do禁止某人做某事

force oneself to one's feet挣扎着站起来

force sb.to do强迫某人做……

foreign affairs外交事务、外事、外务

form a habit养成习惯

frankly speaking坦白地说

free from没有、免除

from a great distance远距离

from cover to cover从头到尾

from door to door一家挨着一家

from side to side左右摇摆

from that time on从那时起

from the beginning从一开始

from time to time时常、经常

G

gain in获得

generally speaking一般来说

get across通过、越过、穿过

get along(well)with①与某人相处(得好)②进展(顺利)

get broken弄坏了

get burnt烧着了

get caught in遇到

get changed换衣服

get close to sth./sb.与……接近

get down to sth./doing开始去做……

get good from sth.从……中得到好处

get hold of把握住;抓住

get hurt受伤了

get in touch with与……取得联系

get in进入

get into①坐进(轿车、出租车等)②陷入(某种状态)之中

get into the habit of养成……的习惯

get it settled确定

get married结婚(强调动作)

get off①下车②脱下

get on(well)with sb./sth.与某人(事、物)相处(得好)

get on the right track走上正轨

get over恢复、克服

get paid……被付钱、得钱、挣钱

get ready for sth.准备好……

get rid of去除

get sb.to do/doing/done让某人……

get separated分开

get sth.on……有某事

get sth.ready for为……作准备

get through①接通(电话)②通过(考试)③完成(工作、任务)④通过(议案、计划)⑤消息传到……

get tired of sth./doing感到厌倦

get to know sb.(刚刚)认识某人

get to够得着

get together聚会

get up to one's feet站起来

get word得到消息

get worse越来越坏了

give a birth to a baby生小孩

give a hand帮助

give a promise许下诺言

give A sth.for B把为B准备的……给A

give a talk做报告;做演讲

give a thought to sb./sth.想象、思考

give an order for sth.订购……

give away把……送出去

give back送回去、拿回去

give birth to生产、生育

give in屈服、投降、让步(不及物)

give off散发、发出(气味、光线、声音)

give one's love/wishes/regards to sb.给某人的(问候等)

give out①发出(气味、光线、声音)②用尽③精疲力尽

give over交托、停止、放弃

give sb.a lift搭车

give sb.a message给(收信人)留/传个信

give sb.advice on sth./how to do给某人……的建议

give sb.sth.把……给某人

give sth.away把……送出去

give up sth./doing放弃

give way to让位给……

go aboard a plane/ship登飞机/船

go abroad出国

go after追逐、追求

go against违背

Go ahead.(口语)鼓励某人做某事、去做吧

go all the way back to the time of起源于

go bad变坏

go by经过

go down下降、减弱

go in for从事、投身于

go mad about sth./doing痴迷于……,为……疯狂

go missing不见、丢失

go off①离去②变质

go off duty下班

go on a trip on sp.游览、参观某地

go on board登(船、飞机)

go out出去;(灯火)熄灭

go over to到……去

go over温习、复习;检查

go through①穿过②仔细察看③经历

go to sp.for a holiday到……度假

go up to上到……上

go up上升、增强

go with①和……一起去②(颜色、款式等)搭配

Good luck with your trip.祝你一路顺风。

good manner好方法

good manners有礼貌

good for nothing没有用

graduate from从……毕业

grow out of从……产生、由……而来

grow rich变得富有

guess sb.to be猜测某人是……

H

had done sth.when…刚刚做完某事,这时……

have a short memory记性不好

have a talk with sb.跟某人谈话

have a trip on sp.游览、参观某地

have a word with sb.跟某人谈话

have an effect on sb.对……有影响(效果)

have difficulty/trouble(in)doing/sth.做……有困难

have on穿着……

have one's attention让某人注意

have one's exam某人考试

have sb.do/doing/done让某人……

have sth.on……有某事

have sth.on/with/about sb.某人随身带……(常指财务等)

have sth.to do with sb./sth.与……有关系

have the habit of doing有做……的习惯

have trouble with sth.做……有麻烦

have words with sb.与某人吵架、口角

head back调头

hear about sth./sb.(through sb.)(通过某人)听说……

hear from收到……的来信

hear of sth./sb.听说……

hear sb./sth.do听说……做过……

hear sb./sth.doing听说……在……

hear sb./sth.done听说……被……

hear the concert听音乐会

heavy smoker瘾君子(专指吸烟)

help sb.out帮助某人

hit sb.on the…打着某人的(身体部位)

hold a position处于……(位置、地位)

hold back①阻止、阻挡②缩回来

hold down阻止;压制

hold for questioning被审讯

hold on①别挂断(电话)②坚持

hold one's breath屏住呼吸

hold one's head high高昂着头

hold out①伸出(手)②支持、坚持、维持

hold the record保持纪录

hold to坚持

hold up①阻挡②使……停顿③抬起

honestly speaking说句实话

how to do it怎么去做(作宾语)

humour sense幽默感

hundreds of thousands of成千上万的(加可数名词复数)

hunt for寻找

hurry off快点走

I

I(don't)doubt that/if/whether…我(不)怀疑……(接宾语从句)

in the last ten years在最后(十)年里(用于现在完成时)

I suppose sb.be doing sth.我想你应该在做……。

I wonder whether/how…我想知道是否/怎样……

if any如果有

hand down继承、传下去

hand in上交

hand out发出去

hand over递交、转交、移交

hang up挂断(电话)

Hardly…when…还没……就……(部分倒装句式,前句倒装后句不倒装)

have a cold感冒

have a great effect on对……有很大的影响(效果)

have a high opinion of高度评价

have a problem with sth.在……有问题

have a rest休息

have a seat坐下

if not more如果不是更多

if not如果不

I'm afraid that…我害怕……(接宾语从句)

I'm satisfied that…我满足……(接宾语从句)

I'm sure that…我确定……(接宾语从句)

imagine(sb.)doing sth.想象(某人)做某事

imagine sb./sth.to be假想……成为……

imagine that假想……

in(good)order秩序井然、有序

in a high/low voice高(低)声说话

in a hundred years'time在一百年时间里

in a time一段时间后

in a while一会儿

in a word一句话、简而言之

in addition另外

in advance提前、事先

in all总计;一共

in ancient times古代

in astonishment究竟

in case of在……的时候、要是

in case以防万一、在……情况下

in charge of管理

in comfort舒适

in common with与……一样

in common有共同点

in despair绝望

in disapproval反对、不赞成

in fact实际上

in favour of喜爱

in front of在……前面

in future从今以后

in general一般来说

in honour of为了纪念……;为了欢迎……

in hopes of doing带着……的期望

in many ways在不同方面

in memory of纪念……

in modern times当今

in one's(fifties)在某人(50多岁)时

in one's absence在某人不在的时候

in one's judgement某人认为……

in one's opinion某人认为……

in one's search for某人寻找……

in one's spare time在某人的空闲时间

in one's way挡某人的路

in order to do为了……

in other words换句话说

in pain处于痛苦中

in particular特别地

in person亲自

in place of代替

in place在适当位置上

in practice在实践中

in praise of sb.为了赞颂……、为了表扬……

in reach够得着

in return回报

in search of寻找……

in silence沉默地、不作声地

in space在太空

in spite of doing/sth.尽管

in that case如果那样的话

in that因为、在……方面说

in the(1870)'s/(1870)s在(19)世纪(70)年代

in the beginning在开始

in the case of sth./sb.某人(事)的情况

in the dark在暗处(光线弱,用于指地点)

in the direction of向……方向

in the distance在远方、在远处

in the early days早期

in the fields of sth.在……领域

in the following years在接下来的几年里

in the front of在……内的最前面

in the future在未来;在将来

in the hope of doing带着……的期望

in the hospital在医院里

in the last hour在最后几个小时里(用于现在完成时)

in the old days过去的时候

in the past(tin the same way用相同的方法

in the sand在沙子里

in the shade在树阴下

in the years that followed在接下来的几年里

in the years to come在未来几年里

in this way用这种方法

in time及时

in total总计;一共

increase by增加了

insist(that)sb.(should)do坚持要某人做某事(虚拟语气)

insist on doing/sth.坚持……

insist that…坚持说、坚持主张

intend for为……准备

intend to do打算去做

invite sb.to sp.邀请……到……

It appears/appeared(to sb.)that…对某人来说好像……

It is(high)time(that)sb.did/should do是该做……的时候了(虚拟语气)

It is a pleasure to do…很高兴做某事

It is believed that…人们相信……

It is better to do…than to do…(后者)比(前者)好

It is certain that………是确定无疑的

It is hoped that…人们希望……

It is important that………重要

It is known that…人们知道……

It is likely that………有可能……(可能性一般)

It is necessary that………有必要

It is no use/good doing…做……没有用

It is no wonder that………毫无疑问。/……是确定无疑的。

It is not any use/good doing…做……没有用

It is one's turn to do sth.轮到某人做……

It is polite/impolite to do………(不)礼貌。

It is possible that………有可能……(可能性最小)

It is possible that………有可能……(可能性最小)

大)

It is reported that…据报道……

It is said that…人们说……

It is suggested that…人们建议……

It is tempting to conclude that…我们可以推出结论……

It is thought that…人们认为……

It is up to sb.(to do)由某人来决定

It is useless doing…做……没有用

It is/was+被强调部分+连词+从句(强调句型)

It is+adj.+of sb.=sb.is adj.某人怎么样

It is+n.+for sb.to do sth.=To do sth.is n.for sb.做某事对某人是……

It makes no difference.没有什么区别。

It occurred to sb.that…某人忽然意识

到……

It seems that…看起来……

It seems to sb.…在某人看来……

It seems/looks/sounds as if/though…看起来(听起来)好像……(有虚拟语气形式)

It so happened that…偶然地、碰巧

It turned out that…好像……(接主语从句)

J

join in参加(大型活动)

join sb.in参加……(接名词,表示活动)

judge by/from以……来判断……

Judging by/from…,从……判断,……

jump with joy高兴地跳起来

K

keep(sb./sth.)away from阻止、远离

keep a certain distance away保持一定距离

keep a strict eye on sb./sth.密切地关注……

keep as a young man年轻时候

keep back①阻止、阻挡、使……后退②扣留、保留

keep fit保持身体健康

keep good hours保持良好的生活节奏

keep in touch with与……保持联系

keep off使……离开

keep on doing sth.持续做某事

keep one's promise/words遵守某人的诺言

keep out使……不进入

keep quiet保持安静

keep sb.doing sth.让某人一直做某事

keep sb.from doing sth.阻止某人做某事

keep silent保持沉默

keep sth.in check阻止、防止、阻碍

keep the record保持纪录

keep the rules遵守规则

keep up维持、保持(精神状态)

key points要点

kiss each other goodbye/hello与某人亲吻再见/问好

knock at/on the door/window敲门、窗

knock down绊倒

knock into sb.撞见、突然碰见

knock over撞翻

knock sb./sth.off…把某人(物)从……撞掉

knock sth.into sth.敲进……

knock sth.out of sth.从……中敲出来

know about sb.认识(听说过)某人


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